Sunday, June 21, 2015

Some recent art, Neanderthal Men.

I've always been fascinated by "Cavemen" and Dinosaurs. I even took Anthropology as my major in college.
I have been these sketch cards for quite some time now, they are the size of a baseball card 2.5 x 3.5 inches,

I use watercolor paints and pen to draw and paint these.

They are of two Neanderthal men.

from the Smithsonian website

Neanderthals (the ‘th’ pronounced as ‘t’) are our closest extinct human relative. Some defining features of their skulls include the large middle part of the face, angled cheek bones, and a huge nose for humidifying and warming cold, dry air. Their bodies were shorter and stockier than ours, another adaptation to living in cold environments. But their brains were just as large as ours and often larger - proportional to their brawnier bodies.

Neanderthals made and used a diverse set of sophisticated tools, controlled fire, lived in shelters, made and wore clothing, were skilled hunters of large animals and also ate plant foods, and occasionally made symbolic or ornamental objects. There is evidence that Neanderthals deliberately buried their dead and occasionally even marked their graves with offerings, such as flowers. No other primates, and no earlier human species, had ever practiced this sophisticated and symbolic behavior.

DNA has been recovered from more than a dozen Neanderthal fossils, all from Europe; the Neanderthal Genome Project is one of the exciting new areas of human origins research.

Year of Discovery:  1829

Males: average 5 ft 5 in (164 cm); Females: average 5 ft 1 in (155 cm)
Males: average 143 lbs (65 kg); Females: average 119 lbs (54 kg)
Height & Weight Supplemental Information:
While the tall, lean bodies of earlier human species like Homo erectus were adapted to tropical temperatures, the short, stocky bodies of Neanderthals were adapted to winter climates. With thick, short lower arm and leg bones making up a very strong and compact body, Neanderthals were more heavily built than modern humans and were more efficient at conserving body heat, allowing them to withstand living in cold climates during ice ages.

Neanderthal males were slightly taller and heavier than Neanderthal females; however, sexual dimorphism was not nearly as extreme as what is seen in earlier human species.

One thing that the article doesn't mention is that the Neanderthal's head was oddly shaped compared to ours.
They had little to no forehead, the skull went straight back on top ...almost flat, and they had little to no chin.

English: First reconstruction of Neanderthal m...
English: First reconstruction of Neanderthal man Espa├▒ol: Primera reconstrucci├│n del Hombre de Neandertal (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: neanderthal modern human comparison
English: neanderthal modern human comparison (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Homo neanderthalensis. Skull discover...
English: Homo neanderthalensis. Skull discovered in 1908 at La Chapelle-aux-Saints (France). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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